European Facility For Airborne Research

European Facility For Airborne Research July 18, 2018, 01:07

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Description
Title Actively evolving subglacial conduits and eskers initiate ice shelf channels at an Antarctic grounding line
Type Publication
Abstract:

Ice-shelf channels are long curvilinear tracts of thin ice found on Antarctic ice shelves. Many of them originate near the grounding line, but their formation mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here we use ice-penetrating radar data from Roi Baudouin Ice Shelf, East Antarctica, to infer that the morphology of several ice-shelf channels is seeded upstream of the grounding line by large basal obstacles indenting the ice from below. We interpret each obstacle as an esker ridge formed from sediments deposited by subglacial water conduits, and calculate that the eskers’ size grows towards the grounding line where deposition rates are maximum. Relict features on the shelf indicate that these linked systems of subglacial conduits and ice-shelf channels have been changing over the past few centuries. Because ice-shelf channels are loci where intense melting occurs to thin an ice shelf, these findings expose a novel link between subglacial drainage, sedimentation and ice-shelf stability.

Available from https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms15228
Author
DREWS Reinhard
MATSUOKA Kenichi
PATTYN Frank
I. J. Hewitt, F. S. L. Ng, S. Berger, V. Helm, N. Bergeot, L. Favier, N. Neckel
Reference
Journal Nature Communications
Volume 8
Pages
Year 2017
Times cited None
Institute country Belgium
Type of science
  • Geology (includes soils)
  • Geophysics and Glaciology
Field of science
  • Polar regions
File details
Added Aug. 16, 2017, 15:00
Last update Aug. 16, 2017, 15:08
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